ORIGIN OF STATE NAME: Named "land of Indians" for the many Indian tribes that formerly lived in the state. NICKNAME: The Hoosier State. CAPITAL: Indianapolis. ENTERED UNION: 11 December 1816 (19th). SONG: "On the Banks of the Wabash, Far Away." MOTTO: The Crossroads of America. FLAG: A flaming torch representing liberty is surrounded by 19 gold stars against a blue background. The word "Indiana" is above the flame. OFFICIAL SEAL: In a pioneer setting, a farmer fells a tree while a buffalo flees from the forest and across the prairie; in the background, the sun sets over distant hills. The words "Seal of the State of Indiana 1816" surround the scene. BIRD: Cardinal. FLOWER: Peony. TREE: Tulip poplar. STONE: Indiana limestone. POEM: "Indiana."